Other community recovery and resilience resources

Here we have compiled reports, plans, and other place-based resources relevant to Robeson County.

Project BRIDGE products

Bray, Laura A., Olivia Vilá, Bethany Cutts, David S. Lowry, Margaret Crites, Hannah Goins, Nathan McMenamin, Mac Legerton, and Angela Harris. 2020. “Promoting Environmental Justice through Participatory Disaster Research: Hurricane Recovery in Robeson County, North Carolina.” Carolina Planning Journal 45.

Lowry, David S. 2019. “Researchers and Robeson County Unite on Project Bridge.” North Carolina Sea Grant.

Project Bridge. 2020. Disaster Recovery Soil Testing: Robeson County Community Report. Raleigh, NC: North Carolina State University.

Vilá, Olivia, Laura Bray, Bethany Cutts, Angela Harris, and Gracie Hornsby. 2019. Environmental Risk and Recovery: Citizen Science in the Post-Disaster Context. Boulder, CO: Natural Hazards Center, University of Colorado.

Local recovery and resilience plans

Coastal Resilience Center. 2018. 2018 Lumberton Recovery Plan. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina.

NC Emergency Management, and NC Department of Transportation. 2018. Lumber River Basin Flood Analysis and Mitigation Strategies Study. Raleigh, NC: NCEM & NCDOT.

ReBuild NC. 2017. Hurricane Matthew Resilient Redevelopment Plan, Robeson County. Durham, NC: NC Office of Recovery & Resiliency.

Environmental quality and health monitoring

Aly, Noor A, Gaston Casillas, Yu-Syuan Luo, Thomas J McDonald, Terry L Wade, Rui Zhu, Galen Newman, Dillon Lloyd, Fred A Wright, and Weihsueh A Chiu. 2021. “Environmental Impacts of Hurricane Florence Flooding in Eastern North Carolina: Temporal Analysis of Contaminant Distribution and Potential Human Health Risks.” Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology:1-13.

Engel, Lawrence S., Neasha Graves, and Kathleen Gray. 2017. Enhancing Community Capacity: Understanding and Mapping Community Environmental Health Impacts of Hurricane Matthew, Preliminary Report. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina.

Maslova, Liudmila. 2017. “Water Quality Responses from Major Hurricanes in Robeson County: A Review and Historic Data Analysis.” Unpublished Master’s Thesis in Environmental Assessment. Raleigh, NC: NC State University.

Niedermeyer, Jeffrey A., William G. Miller, Emma Yee, Angela Harris, Ryan E. Emanuel, Theo Jass, Natalie Nelson, and Sophia Kathariou. 2020. “Search for Campylobacter Spp. Reveals High Prevalence and Pronounced Genetic Diversity of Arcobacter Butzleri in Floodwater Samples Associated with Hurricane Florence in North Carolina, USA.Applied and Environmental Microbiology 86(20).

Schaffer-Smith, Danica, Soe W. Myint, Rebecca L. Muenich, Daoqin Tong, and Julie E. DeMeester. 2020. “Repeated Hurricanes Reveal Risks and Opportunities for Social-Ecological Resilience to Flooding and Water Quality Problems.Environmental Science & Technology 54(12):7194–204.

Flood modeling and impacts

Lin, Yunung Nina, Sang-Ho Yun, Alok Bhardwaj, and Emma M. Hill. 2019. “Urban Flood Detection with Sentinel-1 Multi-Temporal Synthetic Aperture Radar (Sar) Observations in a Bayesian Framework: A Case Study for Hurricane Matthew.Remote Sensing 11(15):1778.

Nofal, Omar M., and John W. van de Lindt. 2020. “Minimal Building Flood Fragility and Loss Function Portfolio for Resilience Analysis at the Community Level.Water 12(8):2277.

Nofal, Omar M, and John W van de Lindt. 2020. “Probabilistic Flood Loss Assessment at the Community Scale: Case Study of 2016 Flooding in Lumberton, North Carolina.ASCE-ASME Journal of Risk and Uncertainty in Engineering Systems, Part A: Civil Engineering 6(2):05020001.

Nofal, Omar M., and John W. van de Lindt. 2020. “High-Resolution Approach to Quantify the Impact of Building-Level Flood Risk Mitigation and Adaptation Measures on Flood Losses at the Community-Level.International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction 51:101903.

van de Lindt, John W., Walter Gillis Peacock, and Judith Mitrani-Reiser (Eds.). 2018. Community Resilience-Focused Technical Investigation of the 2016 Lumberton, North Carolina Flood: Multi-Disciplinary Approach. Gaithersburg, MD: US Department of Commerce, National Institute of Standards and Technology.

van de Lindt, John W., Walter G. Peacock, Judith Mitrani-Reiser, Nathanael Rosenheim, Derya Deniz, Maria K. Dillard, Tori Tomiczek, Maria Koliou, Andrew Graettinger, Shane Crawford, Kenneth Harrison, Andre Barbosa, Jennifer Tobin, Jennifer Helgeson, Lori Peek, Mehrdad Memari, Elaina Sutley, Sara Hamideh, Donghwan Gu, Stephen Cuffman, and Juan Fung. 2020. “Community Resilience Focused Technical Investigation of the 2016 Lumberton, North Carolina, Flood: An Interdisciplinary Approach.Natural Hazards Review 21(3):04020029.

Housing and displacement

Deniz, Derya, Elaina J Sutley, John W Van De Lindt, Walter G Peacock, Nathanael Rosenheim, Donghwan Gu, Judith Mitrani-Reiser, Maria Dillard, Maria Koliou, and Sara Hamideh. 2019. “Flood Performance and Dislocation Assessment for Lumberton Homes after Hurricane Matthew.

Khajehei, Sayma. 2019. “Recovery Challenges of Public Housing Residents after Disasters: Lumberton, North Carolina after Hurricane Matthew.” Unpublished Master’s Thesis in Community and Regional Planning. Ames, IA: Iowa State University.

Marson, Stephen M., and Mac Legerton. 2021. “Disaster Diaspora and the Consequences of Economic Displacement and Climate Disruption, Including Hurricanes Matthew (October 8, 2016) and Florence (September 14, 2018) in Robeson County North Carolina.” Natural Hazards.

Seong, Kijin, and Clare Losey. 2020. “To Remain or Relocate? Mobility Decisions of Homeowners Exposed to Recurrent Hurricanes.” Boulder, CO: Natural Hazards Center, University of Colorado.

Sutley, Elaina J, Sara Hamideh, Maria K Dillard, Donghwan Gu, Kijin Seong, and John W van de Lindt. 2019. “Integrative Modeling of Housing Recovery as a Physical, Economic, and Social Process.” Presented at the 13th International Conference on Applications of Statistics and Probability in Civil Engineering (ICASP13). Seoul, South Korea.

Business and economic recovery

Aghababaei, Mohammad, Maria Koliou, Maria Watson, and Yu Xiao. 2020. “Quantifying Post-Disaster Business Recovery through Bayesian Methods.Structure and Infrastructure Engineering:1-19.

BenDor, Todd K., David Salvesen, Christian Kamrath, and Brooke Ganser. 2020. “Floodplain Buyouts and Municipal Finance.Natural Hazards Review 21(3):04020020.

Meeks, Alexander. 2019. “Accounting for Disaster: Small Business Recovery in North Carolina after Hurricanes Matthew and Florence.” Unpublished Master’s Thesis in Urban Studies and Planning. Cambridge, MA: Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Salvesen, David, Todd K. BenDor, Christian Kamrath, and Brooke Ganser. 2018. Are Floodplain Buyouts a Smart Investment for Local Governments? Chapel Hill, NC: UNC Policy Collaboratory.

Watson, Maria, Yu Xiao, Jennifer Helgeson, and Maria Dillard. 2020. “Importance of Households in Business Disaster Recovery.Natural Hazards Review 21(4):05020008.

Health outcomes

Lea, C Suzanne, Heather Littleton, Ashley Batts Allen, and Cherry M Beasley. 2020. “Resilience, Self-Compassion, and Mental Health Outcomes: Rebuilding Eastern North Carolina after Natural Disasters.” North Carolina Medical Journal 81(5):315-19.

Travia, Kevin R, Anna R Kahkoska, Daria Igudesman, Katherine J Souris, Cherry Beasley, and Elizabeth J Mayer-Davis. 2021. “Impact of Hurricane Matthew on Diabetes Self-Management and Outcomes. North Carolina Medical Journal 82(2):100-07.


Callaghan, Jeff. 2020. Extreme Rainfall and Flooding from Hurricane Florence. Tropical Cyclone Research and Review 9(3):172-77.

Cornish, Kyle. 2020. “Environmental Justice Analysis of Post-Hurricane Funding and Planning.” Unpublished Master’s Thesis in Environmental Management. Durham, NC: Duke University.

DiGrande, Laura, Christine Bevc, Jessica Williams, Lisa Carley-Baxter, Craig Lewis-Owen, and Suzanne Triplett. 2019. “Pilot Study on the Experiences of Hurricane Shelter Evacuees.” RTI Press:10324.

Emanuel, Ryan E. 2018. “Water in the Lumbee World: A River and Its People in a Time of Change. Environmental History 24(1):25-51.

Emanuel, Ryan E. 2018. “Climate Change in the Lumbee River Watershed and Potential Impacts on the Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina.Journal of Contemporary Water Research & Education 163(1):79-93.

Emanuel, Ryan E, and David E Wilkins. 2020. “Breaching Barriers: The Fight for Indigenous Participation in Water Governance.Water 12(8):2113.

Holloman, Diamond VE. 2018. “Critical Urban Ecology: Links to Social Vulnerability and Environmental Justice in the Aftermath of Hurricanes.” Unpublished Master’s Thesis in Environment and Ecology. Chapel Hill, NC: UNC.

Loggins, Ryan, Richard G. Little, John Mitchell, Thomas Sharkey, and William A. Wallace. 2019. “Crisis: Modeling the Restoration of Interdependent Civil and Social Infrastructure Systems Following an Extreme Event.” Natural Hazards Review 20(3):04019004.

Nofal, Omar M., and John W. van de Lindt. 2020. “Understanding Flood Risk in the Context of Community Resilience Modeling for the Built Environment: Research Needs and Trends.Sustainable and Resilient Infrastructure:1-17.

Ortiz, Ben, Laura Kahn, Marc Bosch, Philip Bogden, Viveca Pavon-Harr, Onur Savas, and Ian McCulloh. 2020. “Improving Community Resiliency and Emergency Response with Artificial Intelligence.” arXiv preprint arXiv:2005.14212.

Paul, Srikanto, Dawit Ghebreyesus, and Hatim O. Sharif. 2019. “Brief Communication: Analysis of the Fatalities and Socio-Economic Impacts Caused by Hurricane Florence.Geosciences 9(2):58.